Back Pain – Types, Causes, Treatment and Diagnosis

It is the most important step in relieving your lower back pain as said by most medical care professionals. You may need more than a day for your back to be rested. However, you should only do this at least two days or even for one day. Prolonged inactivity could cause the other complications to your body such as depression, muscular atrophy, weakness, and other conditions. You can try to lie down on the floor; ensure there are pillows under your knees while you curve your hips and your feet are placed on the chair.


Cold and Hot Compress Applying ice packs and massage treatments can be extremely helpful to be relieve from back pain. You can do this for about 20 minutes several times a day. If you still cannot get lower back pain relief after to three days, you can use a heat pack which can help you relax your muscles and speed up your recovery by improving the blood flow of your body.


Lose Weight Another way would be to lose some of your body weight. Becoming overweight is proven to make your lower back pain even worse. Like said earlier, among the few causes of your lower back pain is because of bad posture. To stop this, you would need to sit correctly on your chairs with straight back. You can also have your knees a bit higher than your hips through lying your feet on a stool, and when you turned, you can move your body rather than twisting your waist. You can also relieve lower back pain by sitting straight and move your car’s seat forward while you are driving. You can also put a pillow behind your back. Get your muscles to be in better shape by improving your posture when you are sitting or standing. Those are the useful tips of back pain relief which is easy for anyone to do.


Types of Back Pain

• Acute back pain – this is usually short term pains. It may last for days or couple of weeks. Sometimes, acute back pain can turn into a more serious disorder once it is not treated.


• Chronic back pain – this disorder continues for more than two months. The pain may appear then disappear again. In addition, the pain may also erupt to full intensity and then cease to a lower intensity of pain. The cause of this impairment is most if the times hard to determine.

Symptoms of Chronic Back Pain


• The pain may start from the side, rear or front of the leg. It may also be in the lower back.


• Vigorous activity may aggravate the pain.


• The pain is seldom worse after a long sit or during at night.


• Numbness of the leg can also be a symptom of chronic back pain. This happens when the numb leg obtains a nerve supply from a defective nerve. When a nerve is not functioning well, your foot can not do a plantar flex. As a result, you will find standing on your toes very difficult and severely painful. Furthermore, you also can’t move up your big toe.


Causes of Chronic Back Pain

The origins of chronic lower back pain are difficult to determine. The spine is composed of various parts that can be the root of pain. The parts that can be the reason of back pains are the following:


• Some smaller nerves that stimulate the spine in the lower back may be aggravated.


• Some larger nerve roots located in the lower back and run through the arms and legs may be compressed or aggravated.


• Some ligaments, joints, or bones may be impaired.


• Huge muscles in the lower back may be stressed or strained.


• Some inter vertebral discs may be impaired, as well.


Remember that several types of chronic lower back pain do not have any physiological cause. Nonetheless, it doesn’t imply that the aching doesn’t exist. The origin of the pain isn’t always identifiable at all times but, it doesn’t indicate that the back pain is purely mental. In fact, according to statistics, almost 90% of people who suffer from chronic back pain don’t have verifiable reasons of the disorder.


How Chronic Back Pain is Diagnose

To diagnose chronic lower back pain usually takes comprehensive physical and blood tests. Full psychosocial and medical histories are also needed to identify the disorder. The patient is told to describe the intensity of pain, where it started and how it often occurs. A physical exam is important to figure out vulnerable areas, deformities, neurologic and motion impairment. In addition, extensive physical test can lead to discoveries of damaged tissues, nerves, muscle and spine. Special examinations are done by doctors to evaluate liable causes of chronic lower back pain.


Aside from physical tests, imaging technologies are also necessary to spot discords in the spine. It can also help to recognize possible infection or tumors.


• X-rays – it helps determine other bodily condition like osteoporosis.


• Computed Tomography (CT) – this technology gives three-dimensional images of interior, body parts like kidneys, lungs and many more.

• Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) – MRI can assess bones, muscles, tissues and nerves.


• Electromyography and Myelography – these are unique machines that instill contrast dyes inside the spine to create images of the spinal cord.


Aside from these basic technologies, other sophisticated diagnostics are also necessary to identify back pains. Here, are some of them:

• Electrophysiologic studies determine the electrical features of the body.


• Discography – it gets images of structures in the spine


• Thermography – this converts measurements of body temperature due to some infections or inflammation into visual entities that are readable and can be recorded.


The treatment of chronic lower back pain is hard to identify if the cause of the disorder is not recognized. If this happen, chances are the patient will undergo various diagnostic methods to ensure his complete treatment.


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